Monday 25 September 2017

Rehabilitation and biodiversity

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TITAN products are dependent on quarrying such materials as limestone, aggregates, gypsum and others. Quarrying is an activity with economic as well as social and environmental impacts, mainly on the local landscape and ecology, noise and traffic problems for local communities.

The life of a quarry depends upon the nature of its deposit and local conditions. Opening a quarry is a long-term process requiring time and depending on a rigorous process for permits.

The life-cycle and the impacts of a quarry on Society and the environment are related to its efficient planning, operation and rehabilitation. The TITAN Group has adopted a quarry operation and rehabilitation process, in line with best practices in this sector, focused on reinstating quarrying areas in a progressive manner throughout the operation of each quarry.

The majority of Group quarries (79% of total number owned) already have a quarry rehabilitation plan, and all of them are expected to haone by 2010.

A possible further impact of quarrying activities is on local ecology and particularly on biodiversity.

Definition of “biodiversity” (WBCSD/CSI “ESIA Guidelines)

Βiological diversity (biodiversity) means the variability among living organization from all sources, including the ecological complexes of which they are part, and the diversity within and between species and of ecosystems (as defined in the Convention on Biological Diversity). The significance of biodiversity is estimated in respect to soil fertility, water purity, climate regulation and the provision of plants used for medical reasons.

TITAN Practices:

  • Planting Trees: More than 1.000.000 trees have been planted by TITAN in Greece since 1970
  • TITAN Nurseries: Visit TITAN nurseries and have a look in plants and trees cultivated for planting
  • Hydro-seeding and alternative methods for quarry rehabilitation
  • TWIRLS: Using compost from recycling waste for quarry rehabilitation

Fostering Biodiversity

Comprehensive environmental impact assessments and rehabilitation plans cover all aspects of
development, operation as well as decommissioning of quarries. Four quarries among a total number of 41 active ones have been identified being inside or adjacent to protected areas of high biodiversity value.

In all TITAN quarries biodiversity issues are considered. In four out of 41 quarries risyt.

The Pennsuco limestone quarry (Florida, U.S.A.) which is located inside a wide area of the Miami-Dade County, known as the “Lake Belt”.

Center Sand aggregates quarry (Florida, U.S.A.) is adjacent to a state preservation site. A conservation area for the endangered species of sand skinks and gopher tortoise has been created.

Part of Zlatna Panega limestone and marl quarry (Bulgaria) stands inside a NATURA 2000 area and the Zlatna Panega cement plant is close to the same protection zone.

The total area of Xilokeratia pozzolana quarry (Milos Island, Greece) is inside a NATURA 2000 area and also the coastal area next to the quarry is protected by NATURA. Two endangered species are recognized in this area: “vipera schweizeri” snake and “monachus monachus” seal.

 

Report 2016

WBCSD/CSI